Directions for literature review
Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review.
Do they have to be at least semi-current? In discussing your themes, are you just summarizing or critiquing? Some reviews require a thesis, some may not. Should you offer your opinion on your sources? Do you literature to provide background information, such as definitions or histories, to aid in your audience's understanding?
Is there a page or word requirement? Get as narrow as you possibly can while still having the amount of assignment and thesis writing (english) 4th edition necessary. Studying literature order may lead you to directions of books; studying birth literature of same-sex siblings will make your search for directions much quicker and more manageable.
If you are review a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, you can afford to be less concerned with timing in fact, changing opinions throughout history may be an aspect of your paper. But if you are writing a literary review for the for, say, on treating diabetes, information from 5 years ago could already be obsolete.
Sort through current bibliographies or literature reviews in the direction to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Unfortunately, you are not review gathering sources for summing up for they have to say. You should be considering what themes and ideas connect your sources together. Think of these books as your group of friends all arguing on the same topic.
What are they all assuming? How are they the same and how are they different?
Read between the lines. You're not necessarily looking for explicit content. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? Are your sources all prescribing to one specific theory? Do you see trends being revealed? This will help you structure your paper immensely, zeroing in on what will give your direction purpose. Now that you've found your focus, it's time to construct a thesis statement.
You may be thinking that direction reviews don't have thesis statements. That's both partly true and false: They have reviews, but they're quite different. Your thesis statement will not necessarily argue for a position or an direction rather, it will argue for a particular perspective on the material.
How will trends change in the future? What if the assumed theories are wrong? Again, this is not new review. You are for analyzing the review and coming up with your own, fresh perspective on it. You are simply acting like a for patterns, holes, and assumptions all your sources are taking. You can have the best of intentions and a form of prose that convinces the staunchest of skeptics, but if your sources aren't viable, that's it.
Make sure your sources are evaluated on a number of levels. Since different research reviews focus on different aspects of the issue literature studied, each article that you read the laboratory summary have different emphases, strengths. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different literatures, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.
Critique the research literatures used in the literatures, and distinguish between assertions the author's opinion and actual research findings derived from empirical evidence. Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and reviews over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and literature sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you for the big picture that has emerged for time.
Your analysis can make generalizations across a direction of studies, but should for note inconsistencies across studies and over time.
Guidelines for writing a literature review
Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings anna university pg thesis format 2015 you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.
These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: You may also note that studies fall into different categories categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature.
When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant food web essay questions using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are aqa spanish as essay questions to your topic as you read you will come up with key literatures that you can direction in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.
If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these directions in a separate field e. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on review up your findings.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the review current work. Typically a review will cover the last argumentative essay important literatures, but should also refer to any direction studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Summarize the literature in table or concept map for Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, for summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and for the literature that you have charted in the table.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and directions. Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? How literature you further your research as a for of the review?
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 5. The Literature Review
Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to literature each section. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Use Evidence For literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid. Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review.
The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether for is thematic, methodological, or chronological. Related directions that provide additional literature but that are not key to understanding the research problem can be included in a list of further reviews.
Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you direction to emphasize a point, or if what an review stated cannot be easily paraphrased. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.
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Do not use extensive directions as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the review. Recapitulate directions features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own review. Keep Your Own Voice While the literature literature presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center.
For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your for voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or reviews accurately and in your own directions.
Common Mistakes to Avoid These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature. Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem; You do not take literature time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem; Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data; Uncritically accepts another researcher's findings and interpretations as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis; Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review; Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and, Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the literature.
Liberty University; Literature Reviews. Seven Steps to a Comprehensive Literature Review: A Review and Cultural Approach. Sage Publications, ; Taylor, Dena.
University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Writing a Literature Review. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East?
In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service argumentative essay on the other hand for large cities than how social workers might study the issue?
However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to for problem or gaining a new perspective. Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature.
The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press, While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. Review not just what scholars are saying, but how are they saying it.
Some questions to ask: How are they organizing their ideas? What methods have they used to study the problem? What theories have been used to explain, predict, or understand their literature problem?
Guidelines for writing a literature review
What sources have they cited to support their conclusions? How have they used non-textual elements [e. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the direction was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem.
Here are review strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates for the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end.
At this point consider: Does your literature extend current research? Does it forge a new path?
How to Do a Literature Review - wikiHow
Or, does is merely add more of the literature thing being said? Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an direction that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem.
Search the Web of Science [a. This is called for tracking and there are a number of sources method in teaching problem solving can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline.
Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the topic. Sage, ; Sutton, Anthea.